Overview of Web-Architecture, HTML, CSS and JS

Overview of Web-Architecture, HTML, CSS and JS

HTML is the most widely used language for developing web applications. It was created by Berners-Lee in the year 1991 but was first published in 1995.

Hey everyone! Today, we will learn the basics of HTML, but before we start let's go through the topics that we will cover in this Article.

What's in this Article for you???
  • Basic Web Architecture
  • What is HTML?
  • What is CSS?
  • What is JavaScript?
  • Your first Website
Now, without wasting much of the time, let's start

Basic Web Architecture

What exactly is the basic web architecture. A web Architecture is made up of three essential elements:
  • Website 
  • Server 
  • IP Address

By taking the reference of the above image let's understand this concept in a very simple words. 

so, the first thing in the image shows the users. Who is a user? A person who uses or operates something (here, something means website). Now, here comes the browsers into the picture (used to access and view websites for example (Google, Safari, etc.) so, First our web browsers will start loading the main HTML file, and then CSS and JavaScript.

Now, The user will interact with the website it contains the frontend part. It simply means what the user sees and interacts with that part but the user is not concerned with the backend part of the website.

Once we have developed our website. Now, We need something to host our website so everyone can access our website on the internet. so how can we do that here the server comes into the picture. By using a server we can host our website and it contains all the files and the data of the website and facilities the user interaction.

We have successfully built our website and also hosted it on a server. Are you finished with the work now? No, we are not yet finished! we are missing something very important.

How can I access the website let us take a very basic example you want to visit your friend's house. How will you go to your friend's house? Yes you guessed it right by using an address similarly our website will also have an Address and that's the IP address now the user will type the domain name on the browser suppose google.com and then it will request the server to show the IP Address of such domain name and then it will display all the data which is hosted on this IP address and here, we are done we have successfully understood the basic web architecture.

What is HTML? 

HTML is the most widely used language for developing web pages. It defines the structure of the website and format websites. It was created by Berners-Lee in the year 1991 but was first published in 1995. 

What is CSS? 

What exactly is the CSS then CSS is a simple design language used for making web pages look good and design the web pages more beautiful and user friendly? It can be attached to any HTML element and style according to the developer's choice. 

What is JavaScript?

JavaScript was invented by Brendan Eich in 1995. It was developed for Netscape 2 and became the ECMA-262 standard in 1997. After Netscape handed JavaScript over to ECMA, the Mozilla foundation continued to develop JavaScript for the Firefox browser. Mozilla's latest version was 1.8.5. (Identical to ES5). 
JavaScript is a lightweight compiled programming language. JavaScript makes our website is more interactive and functional.